Stolen Art Wednesday: Cauldron Gryphon

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Cauldron Gryphon. Photo courtesy of FBI National Stolen Art File.

Cauldron Gryphon. Photo courtesy of FBI National Stolen Art File.

This week, we’re featuring a griffon — or in this case, a “gryphon” — head that used to adorn a cauldron and is currently in the FBI’s National Stolen Art File.

There are few details in the public entry on the FBI’s Web page, but it is described as made of metal with the dimensions of 18 cm by 8.4 cm. No origin or time period is given, and there is no information on the location, date or circumstances of the theft.

Here’s what the file says:

Archaic metal gryphon head possible from a cauldron used for decoration. Open mouth with clear opening. Framed bulging almost shaped eyes. Raised ears with tips broken. Raised section in the middle of forehead is broken. Swollen in area where neck meets head. Neck gradually enlarges as it goes downward. Whole object scaled and hollow.

With a little bit of research, we found a number of similar examples, usually made of cast bronze from 7th Century Greece. The griffin heads decorated the rim of cauldrons in temples. More than 600 survived, many found in temple of Zeus at Olympia and the Heraion (temple of Hera, who was Zeus’s sister/wife (yep, that’s Greek mythology for you)) on the island of Samos.

For more information and to report recovered objects in the NSAF, contact: National Stolen Art File Art Theft Program, Room 3247 Federal Bureau of Investigation 935 Pennsylvania Ave., NW Washington, DC 20535 Tel: (202) 324-6668

Operation Hidden Idol

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HSI seizes statues allegedly linked to Subhash Kapoor, valued at $5 million

NEW YORK – Agents with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), with assistance from U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), seized a 14th century A.D. bronze Parvati statue and four bronze Tamil Nadu figures, estimated as a group to be worth more than $5 million. These statues were seized as part of an HSI Cultural Property, Art and Antiquities Program investigation titled “Operation Hidden Idol.” The seizure is a direct result of international cooperation with the government of India, Interpol and the Manhattan District Attorney’s Office.

HSI special agents seized the Parvati at the Port of Newark, with the assistance of CBP, for violations of Inadmissible Goods, Stolen Property statutes. This sculpture is the cultural property of India and is one of many items stolen from temples in the Tamil Nadu region and allegedly sold by Subhash Kapoor. Even though the statue had been placed on the Interpol Stolen Works of Art Database, the Parvati had passed through the hands of six different dealers and been given multiple layers of false provenance over the past six years. The statue had been in Europe and had been aggressively pursued along each step of its journey by HSI New York. This is the fifth bronze Chola statue allegedly stolen and sold by Kapoor that has been recovered by HSI in the past year.

The Parvati is considered the goddess of love and devotion, and is an important Hindu deity. In this depiction she sits on a large lotus throne, her raised right hand originally holding a water lily, a symbol of grace and beauty.

“Subhash Kapoor’s alleged smuggling of cultural artifacts worth more than an estimated $100 million makes him one of the most prolific commodities smugglers in the world today. We urge the art community to help us identify artifacts sold or donated by Subhash Kapoor so that we can ensure their legitimacy,” said James T. Hayes Jr., special agent in charge of HSI New York. “We will continue to work with our law enforcement partners and the government of India to bring Mr. Kapoor to justice and return the artifacts in question to their rightful owners. HSI understands full-well that for many nations there is no price tag when it comes to their national treasures.”

“We would like to express our deep sense of appreciation to ICE/HSI, for the outstanding work done in retrieving and recovering the priceless antiquities illegally brought into the United States by smuggling syndicates,” said the Honorable Prabhu Dayal, consul general, Consulate General of India, New York. These seizures also demonstrate and vindicate the growing cooperation between ICE and relevant agencies of the Indian government in tackling issues of mutual concern.”

In February 2007, the Indian consulate contacted HSI requesting assistance in the investigation of the potential smuggling of Indian antiquities into New York. The Indian consulate advised HSI that an import and export company was expecting the arrival of a shipment containing seven crates manifested as “Marble Garden Table Sets.” The consulate believed these crates contained stolen Indian antiquities. This merchandise was allegedly imported by Kapoor.

By the end of July 2012, HSI special agents had seized dozens of antiquities with an estimated value of nearly $100 million. Notable items seized include:

One five foot tall head of Buddha weighing approximately 1,600 pounds;

One life-sized stone figure weighing approximately 500 pounds;

A bronze sculpture, depicting Uma Parvati, valued at nearly $2.5 million; and

A 2nd century B.C. Bharhut Stupa Yaksi pillar sculpture valued at nearly $18 million.

This investigation has uncovered that Kapoor allegedly created false provenances to disguise the histories of his illicit antiquities. Investigators urge collectors and museums to further scrutinize their collections and contact HSI with any additional information.

Kapoor, who was the subject of an Interpol Red Notice, was arrested in late 2011 at Frankfurt International Airport in Germany. On July 14, Kapoor was extradited to India, where he faced criminal charges.

City of Bronze

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A few weeks ago, I traveled through Cresco in northeast Iowa, a city which has, by my calculations, the most public art bronze statues per capita. You can’t go more than block without tripping over one.
I counted at least a half dozen on the main street that goes past the county courthouse. One park had no fewer than two (and a cool train display). There was one in front of the library and another at the fire station.
In all, the city has about 30 statues — funded through donations — and the welcome center has a complete list.
Above is a shot of the statue in front of the courthouse, also Justice, which is on the sidewalk near an attorney’s office, and a closeup of Justice’s feet.